Beatrice de Beauchamp / Beatrix british empire origin
Born: About 1235, Bedford, Bedfordshire, England Beauchamp coat of arms
Died: Between 1279 and 1281
  1. John de Beauchamp
  2. Simon de Beauchamp
  3. William de Beauchamp
  4. Maud de Beauchamp
  5. Ela de Beauchamp
  1. Sir Thomas Fitz Otes, Knight
  2. Sir William de Munchensy, Knight
Notable Descendants:


HM George I's 16-Great Aunt. U.S. President's 16-Great Grandmother. HRH Charles's 21-Great Grandmother. PM Churchill's 19-Great Grandmother. Lady Diana's 20-Great Grandmother. P.M. Cameron's 21-Great Grandmother. `Osawatomie' Brown's 18-Great Half-Aunt.


Family Overview           Sir Simon de Beauchamp, of Bedford, Knight => Ancestors 1
        Sir William de Beauchamp, of Bedford, Baron of the Exchequer



    /     Isabella => Ancestors 2
  1. Otes Fitz Thomas
  2. Joan Fitz Thomas
  3. Maud (Matilda) Fitz Thomas
  4. Beatrice Fitz Thomas
  5. Sir William de Munchensy
<= Beatrice            
      \     William Longespee => Royal Line
        Ida Longespee



            Countess Ela Fitzwilliam de Salisbury => Ancestors 4



[still compiling data for beatrice]

1256, Thomas' uncle Otto died, leaving the hereditary coiner of the Mint in the Tower of London to his son William, who died without issue. (S) Transactions – Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch. Soc., V11.

6/24/1261, Thomas, age 30, heir to his cousin William Fitz Otes receiving 1 knights's fee in the honor of Boulogne, 2 hamlets held of the earl of Gloucester by 1 kinght's fee, and land held of the heir of Ralph de Hodeng. (S) Calendar of IsPM, 1904, P136.

Thomas married Beatrice. (S) Magna Britannia, V1, part 1, 1813, P46.

1265, Thomas petitioned the Court of Exchequer for the broken dies of the mint.

1266-7, Beatrice coheir to her neice Joan, d/o Sir Simon de Beauchamp, inheriting a third of Bedford.

12/5/1266, Remission to Robert de Ver, earl of Oxford, of the king's indignation … on the mainprise of Guy de Brione of the county of Devon and Thomas son of Otto of the county of Essex for his future good behavior … (S) CPRs.

1267, Thomas Fitz "Otto", hereditary coiner of the Mint in the Tower of London, claimed the scrap iron from the broken coining dies; a family heritage to the time of King Henry I.

broken medieval dies from tower of london mintcoin minted likely by thomas fitz otes or his father

Broken medieval dies from tower of london mint (or possibly Canterbury), and a gold coin minted likely by thomas fitz otes or his father.

1270 - Joan Fitz Thomas born, eldest daughter.

1274, Park Hall held by Thomas fitz Otto, of the earl of Gloucester, as two carucates in Gestingthorp and Gosfield, by the service of one knight's fee. [Previously held by his uncle William in 1260, and his father in 1256.] (S) The History and Topography of the County of Essex, Bk2, Ch5.

Bef. 3/23/1274, Thomas, knt. of Mendlesham, Suffolk, Belchamp Otton, Essex, and Hamerton, Huntingdonshire; and city of Canterbury died. (S) Calendar of IsPM, V2, 1906.

1274, Beatrice given the advowson of Mendlesham and Beauchamp Parva, co. Essex, as part of her dower.

Beatrice married 2nd Sir William de Munchensy, holding Hamerton manor in dower.

6/26/1278, Writ from the King … assigned … to Roger de Munbray [Mowbray], John de Steyngryve and Ida his wife, …, and William de Mountchensy (de Monte Caniso) of Edwardeston and Beatrix his wife, heir of William Beauchamp (de Bello Campo) of Bedford, their reasonable shares which fell to them fro the inheritance … which Amicia, William Beauchamp's widow, lately deceased, held in dower. (S) Yorkshire Inquisitions of the Reignes of Henry III and Edward I, 1902, P10. [This William, brother of Beatrix de Beauchamp, died 8/1262, leaving as his heir his brother Simon, William's wife Amicia holding dower. Simon left a daughter Joan that died 1266-7. Joan having no heir, the estates were distributed under the Dictum of Kenilworth.]

Bef. 7/12/1281, Beatrice died: Grant to High son of Otto of the custody, during the minority of Otto the son and heir, of the manors of Hamerton, co. Huntingdon, … which Beatrix, deceased, late the wife of Thomas son of Otto, held in dower. (S) CPRs.

(S) Plantagenet Ancestry, P135. (S) The Numismatic Circular, V16, 4/1908.

Thomas was born about 1231 (aged 30 in 1261).

He was heir in 1261 to his older brother, William Fitz Otes.

They had one son, Otes, and three daughters - Joan (wife of Guy Ferre), Maud, and Beatrice.

Beatrice Beauchamp was co-heiress aroung 1266-7 to her niece, Joan, daughter of Simon de Beauchamp, Knight, by which she inherited a one-third share in the barony of Bedford, Bedfordshire, consisting of the manors of Astwick, Bromham, Cardington, Dilwick (in Stagsden), etc., Bedfordshire, Linslade and Southcott, Buckinghamshire, Belchamp William, Essex, and Shelsley Beauchamp, Worcestershire.

That same year, Thomas was given the scrap iron from the broken dies, as his father and ancestors had had.

Sir Thomas died shortly before 23 March, 1274.

In June 1275, the King granted custody of the lands and heirs of Thomas Fitz Otes to the king's kinsman, Maurice de Craon, to hold during the minority of the heirs, together with the marriage of the heirs, saying to Hugh Fitz Otes, brother of the said Thomas, land or rent to the value of £40 a year to hold during the said custody.

She married (2nd, and probably his 2nd as well) before June 26, 1278, William de Munchensy (or Montchesney), Knight, of Edwardstone, Lindsey, and Theberton, Suffolk, and, in right of his wife, of Linslade, Buckinghamshire, Shelsley Beauchamp, Worcestershire, etc., son and heir of William de Munchensy, of Edwardstone and Lindsey, Suffolk, by Joan, daughter and heiress of Geoffrey de Creke, Knight.

He was born about 1230 (aged 24 in 1254).

They had one son, William, and two daughters.

He was heir in 1254 to his cousin, Ralph de la Haye, by which he inherited the manors of Layer de la Haye, Quendon, and Rettendon, Essex.

In 1274-5, Master Alexander de Lalling arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against him and others touching a tenement in Bradwell-near-Tillingham, Essex.

In 1275-6, Denise de Munchensy, of Holedon, arraigned an assize of mort dancestor against him touching possessions in Holton, Stratford, Monk's Eleigh, Chellesworth, and Lindsey, Suffolk.

He fought in WAles in 1277, 1282, and 1283.

About 1279, he conveyed 20 acres of arable land in Eldepak field in Finchingfield, Essex, to Thomas de Spain.

In 1279-80, Thomas de Spain arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against William de Munchensy, of Edwardstone, and others touching a tenement in Finchingfield, Essex.

In the same period, Richard de Spain arraigned an assize of mort dancestor against William de Munchensy, of Edwardstone, and Thomas de Spain, touching possessions in Finchingfield, Essex.

In 1280-1, Andrew du Pont arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against William de Munchensy regarding a tenement in Laxfield, Suffolk. In the same year, Hamo Pecche arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against William de Munchensy, of Edwardstone, and others regarding a tenement in Lindsey, Suffolk.

In 1280-1, Hamo Pecche likewise arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against him touching a tenement in Groton, Aldham, and Hadleigh, Suffolk.

The same year, Philippe, daughter of Richard de Spayne, arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against William de Munchensy regarding a tenement in Finchingfield, Essex.

In 1283, his kinsman, John de Munchensy, granted him the manor of Scales (in Haslingfield), Cambridgeshire.

Sometime before 1283, he enfeoffed Roger de Pridinton with the manor of Coddenham, Suffolk.

Beatrice died before September 30, 1285.

In 1285, he was tried and condemned for having sent four men of his household to murder Hugh Bukky at Castle Hedingham, Essex, and for harbouring one of the murderers.

In 1286, he received a pardon on condition that he go to the Holy Land and remain there in God's service for ever.

An allowance of 100 marks yearly from the revenues and his lands was made for him, but he was still a prisoner at London in 1290.

He appears to have gone to the Holy Land in 1292, and in 1297, he had leave to return to the realm with restoration of his lands.

Sir William died shortly before May 14, 1302.



Research Notes:

"By order dated 10 Jan 1267 the king, following the death of Johannes de Bello Campo inimici nostri interfecti apud Evesham, accepted the homage of Matillis de Moubray et Thome filii Ottonis et Beatricis de Bello Campo uxoris sue, neptarum et heredum Johanne de Bello Campo nuper defuncte for two parts of his lands..."


24 Apr 1274, Westminster

Order to deliver to Beatrice, late the wife of Thomas son of Otto, tenant in chief, the following manor, messuage wood, advowson and land, which the king has assigned to her as dower: the manor of Hamerton,... the chief messuage of Beauchamp with a wood; and 5l. 11s. 4d. of land yearly in the same manor, and the advowson of the church of that manor, saving to the king the residue of the manor.

Calendar of Close Rolls, 1 Edw. I, p. 81


26 Jun 1278, Westminster

To the sheriff of Essex. Order to deliver to William de Monte Caniso of Edwardeston and Beatrice his wife the chief messuage of Belcham, which Amicia, late the wife of William de Bello Campo of Bedeford* held in dower of her husband's inheritance, to have entirely in William and Beatrice's purparty, on condition that Roger de Mubray, a minor in the king's wardship, John de Steyngrive and Ida his wife [and others] shall have from William and Beatrice's purparty in that town the value of a third of the chief messuage...

* Beatrice's brother William.

11 Aug 1278, Gloucester

To Richard de Holebrok, the king's steward. Whereas the king lately caused to be assigned before him at Westminster by his council Roger de Moubray, John de Staynegreve, and Ida his wife, John de Horebury and Elizabeth his wife, Michael Pyket and Joan his wife, William de Monte Caniso of Edwardeston and Beatrice his wife, the heirs of William de Bello Campo of Bedeford*, the parts that fell to them of the said William de Bello Campo's inheritance [that Amicia], late [the wife] of the said William, deceased, held in dower...

* Beatrice's brother William. Calendar of Close Rolls, 6 Edw. I, pp. 467, 472


4 Jun 1279, Westminster

To Richard de Holebrok, the king's steward. Order to cause William de Monte Caniso and Beatrice his wife to have all the issues of their purparty of the inheritance that Amicia, late the wife of William de Bello Campo, held in dower, from 26 June, in the sixth year, when the king ordered the steward to cause the manor of Belcham, which Amicia held of the inheritance of her husband, except the messuage, to be extended and divided into three parts and to cause William de Monte Caniso and Beatrice his wife to have seisin of a third of it....

Calendar of Close Rolls, 7 Edw. I, p. 531


Named in the Inquisition taken on the death of her second husband as having "previously been married to one Thomas son of Otho, who of her begat a son Otho, and a daughter Maud whom John de Boteturte [alias de Boutetourte] married. The said Beatrice died ... during the life of Otho her son*, .... and through the said Otho who lately died, the said Maud his sister, aged 30, is next heir of the said Beatrice."

* Otho died in 1281.

Inq. p.m. 30 Edw. I, no. 98

Marriage Information: Beatrice married Sir Thomas Fitz OTES of Gestingthorpe & Gosfeud, Knt., son of Otes Fitz WILLIAM of Belchamp, Gosfeud, & Lisson, before 1264. (Thomas FITZ OTES was born in Gestingthorpe, Sudbury, Essex, England and died shortly before 28 Mar 1274 in Gosfield, Halstead, Essex, England.)

Marriage Information: Beatrice also married Sir William de MUNCHENSY of Edwardstone, Knt., son of William de MUNCHENSY and Joan de CREKE, before 26 Jun 1278. (William de MUNCHENSY was born about 1230 in Edwardstone, Cosford, Suffolk, England and died shortly before 15 May 1302.)

Sources: Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Untitled English Nobility, Beatrice de Beauchamp; Calendar of Close Rolls; Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem; Complete Peerage IX:416-7

From (discussing the Fitz Otes line on the Battle Abbey Roll):

Otto Aurifaber or Aurifex held a barony in Essex in 1806 (Domesday). "Morant and Kelham agree that this Otto the goldsmith was ancestor of Thomas Fitz Otho, mint-master or engraver for the King's mint; and that the last of the male line of his family died in 1282. Otto the younger, by a charter still remaining in the Tower, and directed to Maurice Bishop of London, in or before the seventh Hen. I., had 'the mystery of the dies' restored to him, which his father had held, together with all other his offices, and certain lands. The same privilege was afterwards conferred by the same King to William Fitz Otto the grandson. The office which these persons successively held appears to have been that of cuneator or manager of the dies. Madox, in his History of the Exchequer, says he claimed the old and broken dies as his fee; which claim was allowed to Thomas Fitz Otto in the 49th Hen. III. on his petition to the King in the Court of Exchequer, that they belonged to him of right and inheritance, and that his ancestors had been accustomed to have them. This, upon examination, was found to be true. The serjeanty continued in a female branch of Otto's family at least as late as the first of Edward III.

"In the Testa de Nevill, p. 362, it is said, 'Willelmus fil. Ote tenet in Lilleston, Midd. in serjean. unam carucatam terra? quae valet xls per servicium signa R. monetae et facit servitum per totum annum.'"—Sir Henry Ellis.

"Otto Aurifaber" was employed to make the Conqueror's monument in the church of St. Stephen's, Caen; and "a mass of gold and silver and precious stones" was handed over to him for the work. "The coffin itself, wrought of a single stone, and supported by three columns of marble, was surmounted by a shrine of splendid workmanship, blazing with all the precious materials which had been entrusted to the cunning hand of Otto. On that shrine the epitaph of William was graven in letters of gold."—Freeman.

This famous goldsmith was succeeded in his Essex barony by his son William Fitz Otto and his grandson Otto Fitz William, who, according to Morant, was Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire the seven last years of Henry II., and the first two of Richard I., and gave his name to Belchamp Otton, or Otes, near Castle Hedingham, which he had acquired in the former reign. The next heir, another William, who, with his mother, paid scutage for two knight's fees in 1200, left his son Otto a minor, for in 1214 Robert de Vere, third Earl of Oxford, bought of the King "the wardship of the heir of William Fiz-Oates, to marry to his niece." This Otto was still living in 1256. William, his son, had no children, and the inheritance passed to a nephew, Thomas Fitz Otes, engraver to the King's mint, who married Beatrice de Beauchamp, one of the heiresses of the last Baron of Bedford, and died in 1274. He left a son and three daughters. The son, who survived him eight years only, died s. p., and the three daughters, Johanna, Maud, and Beatrice, inherited; but the eldest and youngest were either spinsters, or childless wives, and both their shares accrued to Maud. She was married in 1302 to Sir John de Boutetourt of Mendlesham in Suffolk, summoned to parliament as Lord Boutetourt in 1307, by whom she had four sons, and a daughter named Beatrix, the wife of William Latimer.[13]

In addition to this baronial line, there were various junior branches of the family, and one of them undoubtedly gave birth to Robin Hood. "His true name," says Thoroton, "was Robert Fitzooth, or Fitz Othes, but agreeably to the custom of dropping the Norman addition Fitz, and the two last letters being turned into d, he was vulgarly called Ood or Hood."[14] His arms, given (on the same authority) as Gules two bends engrailed Or, were evidently derived from the coat of Fitz Otes of Essex, Azure 3 bends Or: a canton dexter Argent, and sometimes Ermine. There seems little doubt that Robin Hood was of gentle birth, and that Leland had good authority for calling him nobilis ille exlex. But Thoroton proceeds to assert that "it is probable he might claim the title of Earl of Huntingdon, by reason of John Scot, tenth Earl, dying s. p., as he was heir by the female line, as descended from Gilbert of Gaunt, Earl of Kyme and Lindsey. This title, it seems, lay dormant ninety years after Robert's death, and about ten of the last years of his life." In support of this popular fallacy, he gives the pedigree. I have here inserted, and which I should have thought it impossible for the most credulous mind to accept. Gilbert of Gaunt's wife was Alice de Montfort; there is no record of any second marriage; and as he died in the reign of William Rufus, he could scarcely have been the son-in-law of the co-heiress of the Countess Judith, who survived till 1140. I may add that the Fitz Ooth brought up by the Earl of Oxford, and represented as Robert's father, might in reality have been his son or grandson, as he was still a minor in 1214, when Robert must have been at the very least fifty years old. It was owing to the glamour of romance with which later generations have invested their favourite hero, "the gentlest thiefe that ever was," and the record of his "robberies, frolics, clemency, and charities," that this illustrious descent was invented, and he was credited with an Earldom.

Family Tree, Chart Beauchamp Fitz Otes

The place of his birth, which occurred between 1160-70, is uncertain, and has been claimed by various localities. All the old ballads unanimously pronounce in favour of "merry sweet Locksley town" in Notts, but unfortunately no such place exists in the county. There is a Loxley in Staffordshire, a Locksley in Warwickshire, and Loxley Chase, traversed by the river Loxley, in Hallamshire, "which," says Hunter, "seems to have the fairest pretension to be the Locksley of our own ballads, where was born that redoubtable hero Robin Hood. The remains of a house in which it was pretended he was born was formerly pointed out in Bar-wood, and a well of fair clear water rising near the bed of the river has been called, from time immemorial, Robin Hood's well." Loxley in Staffordshire, where there is a similar tradition, belonged to the Ferrers, and "the family of Fitz Otho were subfeudatories of the Ferrers in the time of King John."—Lipscomb's Bucks. "This famed robber," continues Thoroton, "may have been driven to this course of life on account of the attainder of himself or relatives, or of the intestine troubles during the reign of Henry II., when the son of that King was in arms against his father. The Ferrers being Lords of Loxley, the birthplace of our hero, and Robert de Ferrers manning the castles of Tutbury and Duffield on behalf of that prince, William Fitz Ooth, Robert's father, might by his connection with that family be implicated in the guilt and consequences of that rebellion. Thus might it happen, that Robin Hood was possessed of no paternal estate and deprived of the title of Earl of Huntingdon, and driven to take refuge in the woods and forests to avoid the punishment of his own or his father's crimes against the State." But there is no evidence to show that the Fitz Otes family were undertenants of Loxley; whereas Dugdale tells us that Robert Fitz Otes was Lord of Westcote and Locksley in Warwickshire, holding of the Barons of Stafford, in the time of Henry II. He left three daughters his co-heirs: Basilia (mentioned in 1201), who married Peter de Mora, and was the mother of Ralph le Falconer; Agnes, the wife of William Trussell; and Margerie, married to William Bagot. This is the family to which, in all likelihood, Robin Hood belonged, and, "being of a wild and extravagant disposition, so prodigiously exceeded in charges and expenses," that he ruined himself, and was cast adrift to make his living as best he could. It is just possible that he may have been the disowned brother of these three sisters. Little did they ever dream of the time to come, when the renown of having given him birth would be eagerly sought for and jealously contested, and the scapegrace of the family transformed into a disguised Earl!

Robin Hood, "the prince of thieves," who robbed the rich to feed the poor, was the darling of the common people, and lived in their memory for many centuries after his death. He has been called "the English ballad-maker's joy," for no theme was more welcome to the mediaeval minstrel, or gave greater delight to the listeners; and he and his merry men clad in Lincoln green have been the heroes of enough ballads and broadsides to fill several volumes. The story of his freaks and exploits was in every man's mouth; even Chaucer's ignorant and slothful priest is made to say—

"I cannot parfitli my paternoster...

But I can ryms of Roben Hode."

Most of these older ditties have perished. Those that survive are of subsequent date; but though some of the adventures they relate must be judged apocryphal, the greater part of the stories have evidently been handed down by tradition, and afford a vivid picture of the lusty outlaw and his doings. We see him brave and daring to a fault, yet a wary and adroit leader; loyal to his friends, and kind to the poor; fond of disguises, surprises, and every species of frolic; playing his pranks on all men, and chiefly on the "proud Sheriff of Nottingham"; yet clement and generous withall; "murdering none but the deer," and dispensing the venison among his neighbours with a free hand. There is a genial love of fun and good fellowship that runs like a key-note through the whole, showing that the life he led, if hard and hazardous, was none the less cheery.

"Ye were merry lads, and those were merry days,"

says the old ballad-monger: and Shakespeare's outlaws in the Forest of Arden (As you like it) "live like the old Robin Hood of England, and fleet the time carelessly, as they did in the golden age." While summer lasted, the free camp-life in the wild greenwood, among the glorious oaks and brake-clad dells of old Sherwood, must have been delightful—all the more fascinating for its flavour of danger and adventure; and though it had its reverse in winter, the outlaws would be then less molested by the King's officers, and either sheltered in caves and huts, or (as has been suggested) quartered on friends living near the skirts of the forest.

Though Robin was as merciless to priests as he was to usurers, and bore a particular grudge to the dignitaries of the Church—

"These byshoppes and these arch-byshoppes,

Ye shall them bete and bynde:"

making one captive prelate dance a saraband in his heavy riding boots round one of the old oaks of Sherwood, he was scrupulous in his religious observances, and heard mass every day. Once he was surprised in "that most secret recess of the wood where he was at mass" by the Sheriff and the King's officers. His followers urged him to fly, and most of them set the example of making off at full speed; but Robin reverently refused to move till the service was over; and then, setting upon his enemies with the few men he had left, took several prisoners and put the rest to flight. He held the Blessed Virgin in great veneration, and respected all women for her sake.

"Robyn loved Our dere Lady,

For dout of dedely synne;

Wolde he never do company harme

That ony woman was ynne."

His band numbered from one hundred to two hundred men, tried and chosen by himself, and esteemed the best archers in the country. Whenever he heard of "any that were of unusual strength and hardiness," he went, sometimes disguised as a beggar, to seek them out; and "after he had tried them with fighting, would never give over tyl he had used means to draw them to lyve after his fashion." Once, while crossing a long narrow foot-bridge, he found himself face to face with a stalwart young giant[15] named John Little (John Nailor, according to others), who was armed with a staff, and would not make way for him to pass. Robin, who carried only his bow, went and cut a staff for himself in the thicket; and the two men belaboured each other with hearty good will, till the giant dealt Robin a blow that sent him spinning into the water. Far from being angered or discomfited, Robin pronounced him to be

"A jolly brisk blade, right fit for the trade;"

enlisted him forthwith, and, equipping him with a bow and a suit of "the outlaw's colour" (the green livery of the forest) christened him Little John—a name that became almost as famous as his own.

"Thou shalt be an archer as well as the best,

And range in the greenwood with us;

Where we'ill not want gold and silver, behold,

While bishops have aught in their purse;

"We live here as squires or lords of renown,

Without e'er a foot of free land;

We feast on good cheer, with wine, ale and beer,

And everything at our command."

Robin was devoted to his followers, rescuing them at all risks—sometimes from the very hands of the hangman; sharing the booty to all alike; and standing by them even in their love affairs. He found his way; in the guise of a harper, to the church where Alan-a-Dale's true love, "a finikin lass that shone like the glistering gold," was being unwillingly married to a rich old knight, and swearing that "the bride should choose her own deare," put his horn to his mouth and summoned his men. Four-and-twenty came at his call; and, stripping off the priest's vestments, he put them on Little John, made him perform the marriage ceremony, and with his own hand gave away the bride to Alan-a-Dale. His own fortunes were shared by a disguised damsel who went by the name of Maid Marian, and is popularly believed to have been Lord Fitzwalter's daughter, "the chaste Matilda, poysoned at Dunmow by King John." But there is no possible ground for identifying her with Maud Fitzwalter, and I may add that she is not alluded to in the Lytell Geste of Robyn Hode, or the older ballads.

Though Sherwood was his usual haunt, Robin and his band ranged over a wide extent of country. He was often to be found in Barnesdale in Yorkshire, and Plompton Park, a forest in Cumberland; and when closely pressed, he was wont to cross the moors towards Whitby, strike the seacoast at a place, still called Robin Hood's Bay, about six miles beyond, where he always had some fishing boats in readiness, and "putting off to sea, hold the whole power of the English nation at defiance." Once (it was in 1188) when he and Little John were dining at Whitby Abbey, the Abbot asked them to show him a specimen of their skill with the long bow. "To oblige him, they went up to the top of the Abbey, whence each of them shot an arrow, which fell not far from Whitby Laths, a distance of more than a measured mile; but when we consider the advantage they must have from so great an elevation (the Abbey standing on a high cliff) the fact will not appear so very extraordinary. The Abbot set up a pillar where each arrow fell, and these were still standing in 1779, each pillar retaining the name of the owner of the arrow."—Thoroton's Notts. Robin lived for fifty-nine years after this, and must have been at least eighty when he died. The great Justiciary, Hubert de Burgh, had set a price upon his head, but he could be taken neither by force or stratagem, and fell a victim at last to foul play. "Being dystempered with could and age, he had great payne in his lymmes," and sought relief in the loss of blood, in those times a universal specific, but the last remedy we should now think of for rheumatism. He had a kinswoman "skilful in physique" who was Prioress of Kirklees, near Leeds; and to her he went to be bled; but the perfidious cousin, incited by her paramour Sir Roger of Doncaster, who owed Robin some grudge, opened the vein of his arm and left him, locked up in a narrow cell, to bleed to death. As he lay there, helpless and despairing, feeling his life ebb slowly away, he "bethought him of his bugle horn," and raising it for the last time to his lips, attempted to summon his comrades. The blast was faint and uncertain; and Little John, as he caught the sound "in the greenwood where he lay," was struck with dismay:

"I feare my master is nigh dead,

He blows so wearilie."

He sprung up on the instant, led his men to Kirklees, and, breaking open the convent gates, forced his way to his dying chief. He was too far gone for

human aid; and Little John, thirsting for revenge, proposed to burn down "Kirklees Hall and all their nunnery." But Robin would not hear of it:

"I never hurt fair maid in my time,

Nor at my end shall it be:

But give me my bent bow in my hand,

And a broad arrow I'll let flee;

And where this arrow is taken up,

There shall my grave digg'd be."

His faithful henchman helped him to the casement, put the bow in his hand, and raised him in his arms as, with a last supreme effort, he struggled to his feet, and bent it once again. He shot two arrows; the first fell in the river Calder, but the second lighted in the park at Kirklees, where he was buried according to his desire, and a stone placed (it is said by the treacherous Prioress herself) to mark his grave. A tombstone bearing a very ancient cross remained in 1750; but is now replaced by one inscribed with the spurious epitaph that found a place in the collections of the late learned Dean of York, Dr. Gale:

"Dear undernead dis Iaitl stean

laiz robert earl of Duntingtun

near arcir ber az hic sa geud

an pipl kauld im robin heud

sick utlauz az hi an iz men

bil england nibr si agen.

obiit 24 (r. 14) kal. dekembris 1247."

But, though no one puts faith in the inscription, the site, at least, is believed to be genuine. "It is no small confirmation of this opinion," writes Thoresby, "that the spot pointed out for the place of his interment is beyond the precinct of the nunnery, and therefore not in consecrated ground. He was buried as a robber and outlaw, out of the peace of the church. Yet on the stone which was supposed to cover his remains, and was entire in the year 1750, there was a cross of the precise form which was in use at the beginning of the thirteenth century. But this difficulty will be removed by reflecting that at the dissolution of the nunnery many ancient gravestones would remain, and that, the place of the outlaw's interment being still notorious and popular, one of them might be removed hither to mark a place which perhaps an older memorial had ceased to recall. Moreover, this stone never had an inscription; therefore, either the epitaph first produced by Dr. Gale is spurious, or my hypothesis as to the gravestone is confirmed, or both. I think the last; for, 1st, a cross without a sword can have originally covered none other than an ecclesiastic; and secondly, the internal evidence is strongly against the genuineness of the epitaph. If it ever existed, it must have been the invention of some rhymer in long subsequent times. But the spelling, so far as it deviates from common old English, is not according to the dialect of the West Riding, but of the North. On the whole, I should think it a fabrication somewhere between the time of Henry VIII. and Elizabeth, when the terms archer and outlaw were become familiar."

His band dispersed after his death (though outlaws are still called "Roberds-men" in a statute of Ric. II. more than 200 years afterwards), but the affection felt for his memory was as remarkable as it was enduring. Not only in the counties that had been his favourite resort, but throughout the whole of England it was cherished and held dear, and it cannot even yet be said to have died out.[16] Fuller included him in his list of Worthies, "not for his thievery, but for his gentleness;" and Walter Scott has immortalised him in his 'Ivanhoe.' No mediaeval masque was complete without him, Maid Marian, and the faithful Little John; and the celebration of Robin Hood's Day on the 1st of May, with its games and sports, and merry crew of mummers and morris-dancers, went on rejoicingly till it was put a stop to by the Puritans.[17] Indeed, no public servant that ever earned the thanks of the State has lived so long in popular estimation as the outlawed robber who loved and fed the poor.

Footnotes ↑ It was in right of this Beatrix that, at the coronation of Henry VI., Lord Latimer, jointly with Thomas de Moubray (coheir of Maud de Beauchamp, another of these heiresses) claimed the office and perquisites of Lord Almoner to the King, that had been held by the old Barons of Bedford. "The claim of Lord Latimer was allowed, and Sir Thomas Grey was appointed to represent Thomas de Moubray, whose lands were in the King's hands."—Lysons. ↑ The name became Ode, or Hode, in many instances. John Ode, or Hode, of Lynn, is mentioned by Blomfield; and John Ode, of Ode-Barton, in Oxfordshire, founded a chantry at Fitton Hall, in that county, in the time of Edward III. ↑ Little John was, says the ballad, "Seven feet high, and an elle in the waist." He lies buried in Hattersage church-yard, in the Peak of Derbyshire, where, in 1652, part of his bow still hung in the church-chancel. ↑ The old women in Nottinghamshire still bind up a wound, chanting the familiar rhyme: "Nine times round, Robin Hood's charm— If it does thee no good, It will do thee no harm." ↑ In 1561, "the rascal multitude," writes sour John Knox, "were stirred up to make a Robin Hude, whilk enormity was of many years left and damned by statute and act of parliament."

From: Douglas Richardson <> Subject: A correction of a correction: Beatrice de Beauchamp and Hamerton, Hunts. Date: Wed, 14 Jan 2009

Beatrice first married, before 1264, Thomas Fitz Otes, Knight, of Mendlesham, Suffolk, Belchamp, Otton, Gestingthorpe, and Gosfield, Essex, Dursley and Woodmancote, Gloucestershire, Hamerton, Huntingdonshire, etc., hereditary coiner of the Mint in the Tower of London and City of Canterbury, younger son of Otes Fitz William, of Belchamp Otton, Gestingthorpe, and Gosfield, Essex, etc., and Lislestone (in Marylebone), Middlesex, hereditary coiner of the Mint.

The reassignment of Beatrice de Beauchamp as the daughter of her father's first marriage doesn't work on two scores. First, chronology. We know that William de Beauchamp married (1st) before 1207 Gunnor de Lanvalay, by whom he had a son and heir apparent, John, who died before 1232. William de Beauchamp married (2nd) about Jan. 1220 (date of fine) Ida Longespée, daughter of William Longespée, Earl of Salisbury. By this second marriage, he had three sons, Simon, William, and John, and four daughters, Joan (a nun), Maud (wife of Roger de Mowbray, Knt., and Roger le Strange, Lord Strange), Ela (wife of Baldwin Wake, Knt.) and Beatrice (wife of Thomas Fitz Otes, Knt. and Thomas de Munchesny, Knt.). We can be certain that Beatrice was the child of the second marriage for two reasons. First, Beatrice's first husband, Sir Thomas Fitz Otes, was born about 1231 (he being aged 30 in 1261). Second, Beatrice's second husband, Sir Thomas de Munchesny, was born about 1230 (he being aged 24 in 1254). Beatrice was still of child bearing age as late as 1278, as her son and heir by his second marriage was William de Munchesny, born about 1278 (he being aged 24 in 1302). For Beatrice to have been the daughter of Gunnor de Lanvalay, she would have had to have been born before 1220, which would make Beatrice over 58 at the birth of her son. She also would have been much older than either of her husbands. Not likely in either situation. Second, heir of the half blood. At the time of William de Beauchamp's death in 1260, he was survived in rapid succession by his two younger sons by ida Longespée, namely William de Beauchamp the younger, who died in 1262, and John de Beauchamp, who was killed at the Battle of Evesham in 1265. This succession avoided William de Beauchamp's son, Simon's daughter, Joan, as he had settled his barony on his son, William the younger, in his lifetime. Regardless, on the death of John de Beauchamp without issue in 1265, the Beauchamp estates devolved on his niece, Joan de Beauchamp, who in turn died as a minor c.1266-1267. At this point, Joan de Beauchamp's heirs were her three aunts of the full blood (Maud, Ela, and Beatrice) or their successors. Had Beatrice de Beauchamp been an heir of the half-blood, she would have been entitled to nothing by English law then in force. Thus, we can be certain the Beatrice was the full aunt of Joan de Beauchamp. As to how or why Beatrice de Beauchamp came to possess the manor of Hamerton, Huntingdonshire (which was Gunnor de Lanvalay's maritagium or inheritance), I imagine that in the normal course of events which followed the death of Gunnor de Lanvalay, her manor of Hamerton would have been held by her surviving spouse, the elder William de Beauchamp, by courtesy of England until the time of his own death in 1260. Presumably in the forty years which had elapsed since Gunnor de Lanvalay's untimely death, the elder William bought out the reversionary rights of Gunnor de Lanvalay's heirs to this manor. Thus, at the time of his death, he would have held the manor of Hamerton in his own right. If so, then the manor would have passed in the same course as did the rest of his lands, going first to his son, William the younger, then to his son, John; then to his grandaughter, Joan, and thence to Joan's full blood aunts or their successors. So, either way you slice or dice it, Beatrice de Beauchamp is the daughter of Ida Longespée. Speaking of slicing, you owe me a ham sandwich for this one. Best always, Douglas Richardson, Salt Lake City, Utah


A story from her lifetime, and something she would have been involved with to some extent:

A Cart Accident in Bromham in 1272 Volume XLI of Bedfordshire Historical Records Society is a series of translations by R. F. Hunnisett of medieval coroner's rolls for the county, entry 126 reads: "After day-break on 30th June 1272 Robert Branduz of Biddenham, William Passeleuwe's carter, and Henry ate Hull of Edlesborough, William's servant, went in a cart, drawn by horse, from William's court-yard in Bromham and came into the street towards [the house of] Nicholas Pinnecunte of Bromham. A filly, aged 1½, came and the horse pursued it, running powerfully with the cart in "Le Linge" furlong, where by misadventure the cart fell over and Robert fell and broke his neck by misadventure and immediately died. Henry ate Hull went back from the cart and forcibly detained the horse, saw Robert dead, immediately raised the hue and found pledges, Simon le Wyke and Robert Passeleuwe of Biddenham. The horse was appraised at 4s., the cart at 12d. and the foal at 19d.; they were delivered to Bromham". At the eyre later the horse and cart were together appraised at 6/6, well above what Bromham had appraised them at, no doubt in a failed attempt to avoid having to pay too much. The village was fined for this false appraisal. The Passeleuwe family were Lords of the Manor of Bowels and so Passeleuwe's house may have been somewhere in the vicinity of Bowels Wood.





Lived In

Beatrice de Beauchamp and Hamerton, Hunts. : a correction From: "John P. Ravilious" <therav3@xxxxxxx> Date: Wed, 14 Jan 2009 15:23:01 -0800 (PST) Wednesday, 14 January, 2009 Dear Douglas, et al., In recent research concerning the Lanvallei family and their descendants, I noted the text concerning Hamerton, co. Hunts. made available online by the Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust [1]. The description of the passage of the lordship includes one error in leaving out Christian FitzWalter, wife of Sir William Marshal (k. 1314), but is otherwise correct: Lanvallei -> de Burgh -> FitzWalter. However, the description as to the demesne tenancy (Lanvallei -> Beauchamp -> FitzOtes -> Botetourt) indicates a correction to the pedigree in Plantagenet Ancestry (2004). It is stated therein that Sir William de Beauchamp and Ida Longespee had four daughters, including Beatrice [2]. However, Gunnora de Lanvallei held Hamerton (either as her maritagium, or inheritance from her uncle [brother in VCH] Ralph de Lanvallei), following whom Beatrice de Beauchamp and her husband Thomas Fitz Otes held the manor (this according to VCH's interpretation of his IPM). From this it is evident that Beatrice was the daughter of Sir William de Beauchamp by his first wife Gunnora de Lanvallei. William de Lanvallei = Hawise de {Hamerton} I Boclande _________I________________ I I Sir William = 1) Gunnora = 2) Ida William de Beauchamp I {Hamerton I Longespee {Hamerton d. bef 28 Dec I -demesne} I - overlord} 1260 I I * MC Surety _____________I______ I_____________________ I I I I I I I Simon William Beatrice John Joan Maud Ela dvp dsp = 1) Thomas 1256 1262 I fitz Otes I = 2) William I de Munchensy ___________I______ I I I I Maud <sibs> = John de Botetourt {Hamerton} d. 1324 ____I__________________ I I I Thomas John Otes de Botetourt {Hamerton} If you see an error in my interpretation, I'd be most interested. I have not noted any question as to the maternity of the other Beauchamp coheirs at this point. Cheers, John NOTES [1] A History of the County of Huntingdon, Volume 3 (1936), pp. 66-69: [Text available online at " Manor Ulfeck held HAMERTON, assessed at 15 hides (the 15 has been altered from 12), in 1066 and the Conqueror gave it to Eudo (Eoun) Dapifer or the Sewer, son of Hubert de Rie. Two knights held two hides in 1086. The Domesday Survey contains a passage underlined for deletion that Alick and Lewine held three hides, the soke of which was in Leightonstone Hundred, and further that Eudo held the land and the king had the soke. (fn. 7) Presumably Ulfeck had only 12 hides, and the 15 were made up by the addition of these three. In 1096–7 Eudo founded Colchester Abbey, to which he granted two-thirds of the tithes of Hamerton. He died in 1120, as is considered by Dr. Round, without issue, but according to the Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern he left a daughter Margaret, who married William de Mandeville to whose son, Geoffrey de Mandeville, the Empress Maud in 1142 granted portions of Eudo's fiefs in England on certain conditions. (fn. 8) The Mandevilles, however, never held Hamerton, which seems to have passed to William de St. Clair, who held lands in Huntingdonshire, including probably this manor, in 1130–1 (fn. 9) and granted the church to St. John's Abbey, Colchester. (fn. 10) It seems likely that he left a daughter who married Aubrey de Dammartin, to whom the king granted the manor about 1152–3, to hold by the service of one knight. (fn. 11) Aubrey and Maud his wife confirmed the church to St. John's, Colchester, Hubert de St. Clair, brother of William, being a witness to their charter. (fn. 12) Hubert also confirmed the church, (fn. 13) before 1156. (fn. 14) Hubert's widow, Clemence, held the manor in dower in 1185, but William de Lanvalei, husband of their daughter and heir Gunnora, (fn. 15) held the manor in 1156, (fn. 16) and settled the reversion of it on his younger son Ralph, to hold of the elder son and heir, William (II), by the service of half a knight's fee. (fn. 17) In 1205 William de Lanvalei (III) was under age; (fn. 18) in 1210– 12 he held a knight's fee here; (fn. 19) in 1215 he had livery of Colchester Castle, but died the same year, leaving a daughter and heir Hawise, wife by 1230 of John, son of Hubert de Burgh, the justiciar. (fn. 20) John succeeded to the honours and estates of his wife, heir to the Lanvalei property, but not to his father's honours. His son, John, died in 1280, leaving three daughters: Hawise, the wife of Thomas de Greilly, Devorgilla, the wife of Robert Fitz Walter, and Margery, a nun at Chicksand. (fn. 21) Robert Fitz Walter was overlord in 1324, (fn. 22) and the overlordship passed from his heiress Hawise to her son William de Morley, hereditary Marshal of Ireland. (fn. 23) The last mention found of this overlordship is in 1613, when the manor was still held of the Lords Morley, (fn. 24) whose barony fell into abeyance about 1686. (fn. 25) The service is variously given as a red sparrowhawk (fn. 26) and a pair of white gloves. (fn. 27) The Ralph de Lanvalei to whom the reversion of the manor was granted in demesne before the death of Lady Clemence (fn. 28) was succeeded by a sister, Gunnora, who married William de Beauchamp, (fn. 29) one of the Beauchamps of Bedford. They had a son John, whose heir was a minor in 1232. (fn. 30) William de Beauchamp had a family by a second wife, his son being Simon de Beauchamp (IV), whose daughter and heir, Joan, died before 1262, her heirs being her three aunts, of whom one was Beatrice, the wife of Thomas Fitz Otes. (fn. 31) William Fitz Otes was concerned with 2 carucates of land here in 1243, (fn. 32) probably on the occasion of his brother Thomas's marriage with the Beauchamp heiress Beatrice. Thomas died seised in 1274 leaving a young son Otes and three daughters, Joan, Maud and Beatrice. (fn. 33) Beatrice, widow of Thomas Fitz Otes, married William de Munchensey and in 1279 was holding Hamerton in dower. (fn. 34) Her son Otes died before 1282 (fn. 35) and was succeeded, as regards Hamerton, by his sister Maud, the wife of John Botetourt. (fn. 36) Maud was still alive on John's death in 1324, leaving an heir, her grandson John, son of Thomas Botetourt, a minor. (fn. 37) Her daughter Elizabeth, wife of William, Lord Latimer, succeeded her in Bedfordshire. (fn. 38) For some reason Hamerton and Mendlesham (Suff.), another Fitz Otes manor, passed to Otto Botetourt, who dealt with the latter in 1330 and died seised of both manors in 1345, leaving a son John under age and a widow Sibyl. (fn. 39) In 1346 Hamerton was held by Sibyl, probably as dower. (fn. 40) John was holding a knight's fee in Mendlesham in 1361, (fn. 41) and died before 1377, when his widow Katherine sued for dower from John, son of Sir John Knyvet and Joan his wife, daughter and heir of John Botetourt. (fn. 42) Thus Hamerton went to the Knyvets. In 1418 John Knyvet of Mendlesham died seised of the manor of Hamerton, leaving a son and heir Sir John, (fn. 43) who died seised in 1445, leaving a son and heir John. (fn. 44). ' Footnotes (in VCH): 7 V.C.H. Hunts, i, 348a. 8 The arguments on the point are set out in Round, Geoffrey de Mandeville, 173, and Complete Peerage (2nd ed.), v, 114. 9 Farrer, Honors and Knights' Fees, iii, 288; Pipe R. (Rec. Com.), 31 Hen. I, 49. 10 Colchester Cbartul. (Roxburghe Club), i, 197. 11 Add. Chart. (B.M.) 11233 (4). 12 Colchester Cbartul. (Roxburghe Club), i, 162. 13 Ibid. 197. 14 Farrer, op. cit. 287. 15 Rot. de Dominabus (Pipe R. Soc.), 47, 66. 16 Farrer, op. cit. 291. 17 Colchester Cbartul. (Roxburghe Club), i, 198. 18 Farrer, op. cit. 289, 291. 19 Red Bk. of Excb. (Rolls Ser.). ii, 528. 20 Farrer, loc. cit. 21 Dugdale, Baronage, i, 700. 22 Cal. Inq. vi, no. 587. 23 Ibid. viii, no. 552; Complete Peerage (2nd ed.), ii, 606. 24 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. ii), cccxxxvii, 100. 25 G.E.C. Complete Peerage, v, 373. 26 Cal. Inq. ii, no. 56. 27 Ibid. vi, no. 587. 28 See above. Beatrice, widow of Reginald 'de Longavilla,' and Roger de St. John were concerned with a hide in 1219 (Cal. Feet of F. Hunts (Camb. Antiq. Soc.), 6). 29 Farrer, op. cit. 291. 30 Maitland, Bracton's Note Bk. nos. 681–2. 31 V.C.H. Beds, iii, 12–13. 32 Cal. Feet of F. Hunts (Camb. Antiq. Soc.), 21, cf. p. 24. 33 Cal. Inq. ii, no. 56. 34 Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), ii, 618–9; Cal. Pat. R. 1272–81, p. 449. 35 A second inquisition appears to have been taken on his father's lands in this year (Cal. Inq. ii, no. 430) on account of his death while still a minor. 36 Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 299; Feud. Aids, ii, 470, 472; Cal. Feet of F. Hunts (Camb. Antiq. Soc.), 62, 77; Cal. Fine R. 1272–1307, 454. 37 Cal. Inq. vi, no. 587. 38 V.C.H. Beds, iii, p. 13. 39 Cal. Inq. viii, no. 552. 40 Cal. Close R. 1346–9, p. 2. 41 Ibid. 1360–4, p. 204. 42 Ibid. 1374–7, p. 509. 43 Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Hen. V, no. 32. 44 Ibid. 24 Hen. VI, no. 27; Feud. Aids, ii, 475. [2] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), p. 528. .

The Ralph de Lanvalei to whom the reversion of the manor was granted in demesne before the death of Lady Clemence was succeeded by a sister, Gunnora, who married William de Beauchamp, one of the Beauchamps of Bedford. They had a son John, whose heir was a minor in 1232. William de Beauchamp had a family by a second wife, his son being Simon de Beauchamp, whose daughter and heir, Joan, died before 1262, her heirs being her three aunts, of whom one was Beatrice, the wife of Thomas Fitz Otes. William Fitz Otes was concerned with 2 carucates of land here in 1243, probably on the occasion of his brother Thomas's marriage with the Beauchamp heiress Beatrice. Thomas died seised in 1274 leaving a young son Otes and three daughters, Joan, Maud and Beatrice. Beatrice, widow of Thomas Fitz Otes, married William de Munchensey and in 1279 was holding Hamerton in dower. Her son Otes died before 1282 and was succeeded, as regards Hamerton, by his sister Maud, the wife of John Botetourt. Maud was still alive on John's death in 1324, leaving an heir, her grandson John, son of Thomas Botetourt, a minor. Her daughter Elizabeth, wife of William, Lord Latimer, succeeded her in Bedfordshire. For some reason Hamerton and Mendlesham (Suff.), another Fitz Otes manor, passed to Otto Botetourt, who dealt with the latter in 1330 and died seised of both manors in 1345, leaving a son John under age and a widow Sibyl. In 1346 Hamerton was held by Sibyl, probably as dower. John was holding a knight's fee in Mendlesham in 1361, and died before 1377, when his widow Katherine sued for dower from John, son of Sir John Knyvet and Joan his wife, daughter and heir of John Botetourt. Thus Hamerton went to the Knyvets.

Below is Bedford Castle as it appeared about ten years before Beatrice was born. After the Siege of Bedford Castle, her father was allowed to move back in, but not rebuild. It's likely the enormous cost of the siege caused Henry III to think twice about any rebuild. The walls were ordered cut in half, the castle dismantled, and a manor house was built in the inner bailey instead.

bedford castle, about 1224


From The third and last subdivision of the Beauchamp fee in this parish, later known as BROMHAM MANOR, passed to Beatrice Beauchamp wife of Thomas Fitz Otho, who died in 1274, when she married William de Monchensey. (fn. 38) This property passed to Maud wife of John de Botetourt and daughter of Beatrice Beauchamp by her first marriage, and subsequently to the Latimers and Nevills of Raby, as in the case of the Astwick overlordship (q.v.), with which descent it coincides until the year 1500, when Sir Richard Nevill conveyed it to the Archbishop of Canterbury and other trustees. (fn. 39) Sir Richard Nevill was succeeded by his son Sir John Nevill, Lord Latimer, who died in 1544, when his son John acquired Bromham Manor. (fn. 40) He left four daughters as co-heirs in 1577, of whom Lucy wife of William Cornwallis received Bromham. (fn. 41) In 1589 she and her husband alienated Bromham Manor to William Boteler, (fn. 42) who held it at his death in 1602, (fn. 43) and whose son Thomas in 1612 conveyed it in trust to John Digby and others. (fn. 44) Here all further trace of this manor is lost, but it is possible that it became absorbed in the manor which the Botelers owned in Biddenham (q.v.), the adjoining parish, which subsequently became merged in the Bromham estate.

Below is Bromham Hall, which dates to the late medieval period. Since Beatrice passed it on to her daughter after 1280's, and there's no record of them changing anything, or any record of changes with the people who had it up to the 1500's, it may well be they lived in this house, or as it was before it was expanded, although it may have been rented out as well.

Bromham Hall

bromham manor hall


See because it's pretty complicated regarding Newport Pagnell. Ida Longespee, Beatrice's mother. It seems the manor here was held by Longespee/Beauchamp after 1220. Beauchamp, however, was Baron of Bedford, so unless it was a hunting cottage or something, they likely rented it out, since they also held Bedford Castle, and much more.





Information compiled by Darryl Murdoch, Ontario, Canada. If you have any notes, corrections, additions, etc., feel free to contact me, darryl at darrylerickson dot com. Since I'm not in the UK, I'm always eager to see copies of documents, or portraits locked away in manor houses, etc.